Question: Which Of The Following Is An Accurate Comparison Of The Political Views Of John Locke And Thomas Hobbes?

Which of the following is not true regarding the political views of Thomas Hobbes and Locke?

Which of the following is NOT true regarding the political views of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.

Hobbes believed that humans are basically good and that they are capable of forming their own government, whereas Locke believed that the power should rest in the hands of one authoritarian figure..

How does Hobbes social contract theory differ from Locke?

But he disagreed with Hobbes on two major points. First, Locke argued that natural rights such as life, liberty, and property existed in the state of nature. He believed they could never be taken away or even voluntarily given up by individuals. … Locke also disagreed with Hobbes about the social contract.

What were the ideas of John Locke?

In political theory, or political philosophy, John Locke refuted the theory of the divine right of kings and argued that all persons are endowed with natural rights to life, liberty, and property and that rulers who fail to protect those rights may be removed by the people, by force if necessary.

What are John Locke’s 3 natural rights?

Among these fundamental natural rights, Locke said, are “life, liberty, and property.” Locke believed that the most basic human law of nature is the preservation of mankind. To serve that purpose, he reasoned, individuals have both a right and a duty to preserve their own lives.

What is the social contract theory John Locke?

There are many different versions of the notion of a social contract. … John Locke’s version of social contract theory is striking in saying that the only right people give up in order to enter into civil society and its benefits is the right to punish other people for violating rights.

What did John Locke believe about the government?

Locke believed that in a state of nature, no one’s life, liberty or property would be safe because there would be no government or laws to protect them. This is why people agreed to form governments. According to Locke, governments do no exist until people create them.

Why did Locke believe in democracy?

In his Second Treatise of Government, Locke identified the basis of a legitimate government. According to Locke, a ruler gains authority through the consent of the governed. The duty of that government is to protect the natural rights of the people, which Locke believed to include life, liberty, and property.

Did Locke believe in democracy?

John Locke was the architect behind the Western democracies as they exist today. He presented his ideas in his principal work “Two Treatises of Government” in 1690. … Unlike Hobbes, he believed that this social contract should be a democracy.

Which of the following is an accurate comparison of political philosophies of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes?

Thesis: John Locke and Thomas Hobbes each advocated divergent tenets of human nature and government during the seventeenth century; John Locke promoted an optimistic view of human nature in which they lived under a government that protected the rights of the people; Thomas Hobbes published his perspective of the human …

What is the best form of government according to John Locke?

“Govern lightly,” Locke said. Locke favored a representative government such as the English Parliament, which had a hereditary House of Lords and an elected House of Commons. But he wanted representatives to be only men of property and business.

What is Hobbes view on human nature?

Hobbes believed that in man’s natural state, moral ideas do not exist. Thus, in speaking of human nature, he defines good simply as that which people desire and evil as that which they avoid, at least in the state of nature. Hobbes uses these definitions as bases for explaining a variety of emotions and behaviors.

What were the ideas of Hobbes and Locke?

Political ideas • Hobbes argued for royal absolutism, while Locke argued for constitutionalism. overthrown, while Locke believed that if the social contract is violated, the governed have the right to overthrow the government. Hobbes backed the king, while Locke backed Parliament in the English Civil War.

How did John Locke influence modern government?

His political theory of government by the consent of the governed as a means to protect the three natural rights of “life, liberty and estate” deeply influenced the United States’ founding documents. His essays on religious tolerance provided an early model for the separation of church and state.

How were John Locke’s and Thomas Hobbes ideas about humanity different?

Unlike Thomas Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature is characterized by reason and tolerance. Like Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature allowed men to be selfish. Man is by nature a social animal. John Locke’s philosophy saw human nature as a tabula rasa.